Scientific Program

Conference Series Ltd invites all the participants across the globe to attend 3rd International Conference on Infection, Disease Control and Prevention Vancouver, Canada.

Day 2 :

OMICS International Infection Control  2018 International Conference Keynote Speaker Hana Zelenkova photo
Biography:

Hana Zelenková has been active in the field of Dermatovenerology since 1973. Since 2000 she has been directing her own Private Clinic of Dermatovenereology. Professional orientation: aesthetic dermatology, acne and facial dermatoses, medicinal mycology (nail diseases), wound management, psoriasis, employment of Ichthyol and carboxytherapy in dermatology. She is a coordinator of many international multicentre trials. More than 555 expert lectures in the Slovak Republic as well as abroad, 440 scientific publications. Co-author of the dermatocosmetic formulae containing Ichthamol and glycyrrhizinic acid. Author of the book “Carboxytherapy” (2015), translated into 4 languages. Regularly invited to deliver lectures at international congresses. Founder and President of the Slovak Society for Aesthetic and Cosmetic Dermatology (SSEDK), organizer and President of the traditional international DERMAPARTY congress. Since 2006 Vice-President European Society of Aesthetic and Cosmetic Dermatology, since 2007 President of the European Society of Aesthetic and Cosmetic Dermatology.

Abstract:

Differential diagnosis is one of the basic pieces of knowledge of every physician, including a dermatologist. Failure in this extraordinarily important area leads to prolongation of problems in an affected patient, their social isolation, higher expenses, or, unfortunately, also to fatal outcomes. It is true that some dermatoses, especially those with vesicular or bullous manifestations, may lead also an experienced dermatologist to erroneous conclusions, which complicates the course of disease and causes even more severe secondary diseases - as shown in the presented case reports.  Impetigo and impetiginisation of other dermatoses may be hard to diagnose and treat, especially when the course is bizarre and complicated. This seemingly banal disease must not be underestimated and we must master the bottlenecks of differential diagnostics.

 

Keynote Forum

Sara M Dann

University of Texas Medical Branch, USA

Keynote: Polymicrobial bacterial infection increases host susceptibility to instestinal inflammation

Time : 11:00-11:45

OMICS International Infection Control  2018 International Conference Keynote Speaker Sara M Dann photo
Biography:

Sara Dann research focuses on understanding the interaction of enteric pathogens with the host mucosal immune system. Her goals are aimed at defining the role of common parasites, such as Giardia and Cryptosporidium, in intestinal inflammation and the involvement of innate immunity in this process. She is currently studying how dendritic cells and other innate cells initiate immune responses while maintaining intestinal tolerance. Understanding these processes will allow her to dissect the mechanisms involved in microbial-triggered colitis in genetically-susceptible hosts. Her findings might have very direct implications for the design of improved therapeutic and preventive strategies for the treatment of IBD.

Abstract:

Disease induced by Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) is generally viewed as "monomicrobial" being dominated by the virulence factors of CDI alone. However, co-infections may occur but their significance in CDI is unknown. Fecal specimens from pediatric patients (2-18 years) were screened using BioFire FilmArray GI Panel which detects 22 enteric pathogens. Of 357 patients, 88% had antibiotic-associated diarrhea. Based on toxin PCR, 50% were diagnosed with non-recurrent CDI (nCDI), 8% with recurrent CDI (rCDI), and 30% were C. difficile toxin negative (AAD). Patients without GI symptoms served as controls. FilmArray identified additional pathogens in 31.1% of patients with primary CDI; 64.5% with rCDI; 49.5% with AAD; and 11.9% controls. Enteropathogenic E. coli (EPEC) and rotavirus were significant co-infections in rCDI compared with nCDI (p<0.05). In a murine co-infection model, rotavirus improved clinical symptoms; whereas, co-infection with Citrobacter rodentium, a model of EPEC, resulted in greater disease and mortality than singly infected mice (p<0.05). Four weeks post-infection, co-infected mice showed significant intestinal inflammation that was not present in singly infected mice (p<0.05), which correlated with prolonged bacterial shedding and toxin production. Mortality in co-infected mice was associated with reductions in early response chemokines involved in the recruitment of protective innate immune cells. Administration of innate cytokine IL-22 protected co-infected mice from death compared to controls (p<0.05). Taken together, co-infections can exert differential clinical outcomes in CDI. Notably, co-infection with EPEC may place CDI patients at greater risk of disease recurrence because of pathogen-induced impairment in protective innate immunity against C. Difficile.

OMICS International Infection Control  2018 International Conference Keynote Speaker Esther Paul photo
Biography:

Esther Paul has completed her M.B.B.S from the Christian Medical College Ludhiana, Baba Farid University, India and M.D Microbiology from Madras University, India. She has completed her Masters in Public health from the University of Liverpool. Currently she is working as an Assistant professor in the Department of Microbiology King Khalid University, Abha Saudi Arabia. She has published a few papers on Brucella and Burkholderia. She recently presented a paper on Rota virus vaccine at the Vaccine congress, San Diego on September 2017. She is in the process of publishing papers on healthcare associated infections and infection control.

Abstract:

The goal of the current study was to understand the perspectives of the healthcare workers on the current protocol and guidelines for HAI; infections control measures in the hospital and the effectiveness of the current protocols for HAI and infection control measures and ways of reducing the incidence of HAI. A qualitative research design was used to collect the data from twenty-five healthcare workers consisting of doctors and nurses, recruited by Snowball strategy via semi-structured interviews which were audio-recorded and transcribed verbatim immediately. An interview guide consisting of open-ended questions about the awareness of HAI and the existing HAI and infection control practices in the healthcare facility. The transcribed data were analyzed using the thematic analysis method. Four themes were identified:
1. Knowledge of HAI and infection control
2. Infection control measures in practice
3. The gap in infection control measures and HAI
4. Required Implementations.
Most of the participants were aware of HAI, its significance and the dangers posed by HAI in a healthcare facility. However few residents had no idea of the types of HAI. There were some lacunae regarding the knowledge of the Personal Protective Equipment practices, communication among the healthcare personnel and the hospital administrations and the means of waste disposal. The current qualitative study concluded that there is a need for better educational programs and hands-on training for all the healthcare personnel including the paramedical staff as well. The residents should have adequate knowledge of infection control practices to guide the nurses and should share the responsibility with the nurses in the practice of effective infection control measures.